The title of the page of Joseph Andrews
makes it clear that th novel is based on the romance entitled Don Quixote
written by cervantes .The similarty between the 2 work emphasizes in the character of Don
noth of them are inpractical idealists .The Don
is living in his dream of eorld romantic finding and definding virtue while Adams
is living in the world of the bible and greek philosph . both of them are always absent minded and always falling into troubles also they both are good character .
But where as Don Quixote
is serious romance ,Joseph Andrews
is comic romance
or comic epic in prose
as fielding defines the form of his novel in the preface .Felding says that while both the epics and the romances are long works of imaginative experiences , many character of the high rank and elevated language ,Joseph Andrews
is a long work of real experience , characters of the low rank and very sinple language .Moreover , unlike the seriouse epics and romances Joseph Andrews
is written in prose rather than poetry it's also comic and not serious .By comic Fileding means that his novel is a realistic mirror of the socity at that time .Human nature is the subject of this novel and the assertion of human reclism is the main focus .In other words , Felding is presenting his novel inorder to attack all the unrealistic and dangerous attitude of Don Quixote
and other .
defines the content of the novel . The Novel is a satire
of the vices of the 18th century English society
. The satric thesis of the novel is presented in the conflict between morality
Feilding aim is to reveal affecations or false pretence which usually come from vanity
He does that by portraying the rediculous by putting his character into funny situation where the reders are supposed to laugh at the funny diffrence between appearance and reality.
- Note -
-Written in imitation of the Manner of Cervantes, Author of Don Quixote.
- in the preface as a comic epic poem in prose.
-Parson Adams is indeed a truly Quixotic figure and the structure of the book also follows Cervantes. Joseph Andrews is a novel of adventures met while travelling on the road. Joseph loses his employment in Lady Booby’s service in London for refusing her attempts to seduce him as well as those of her maid Mrs. Slipslop. On his way home to the country to his sweetheart Fanny, he meets Parson Adams, whose teaching had so fortified his virtue, walking to London in the hope of getting his sermons published; but Adams has forgotten to bring his sermons with him and so returns with Joseph. Together they run all kinds of adventures meeting a host of characters from low and middle-class layers of society: innkeepers, chambermaids, country squires and clergymen.
-There is also a number of similarities not just in manner but in incident as well, among which we could mention the night adventure in the inn involving Don Quixote, Maritornes and the mule driver with the confusion in Mrs. Slipslop’s bedchamber; Maritornes’ charity with Sancho with that of Betty.
-Characters and plot mutually function to illustrate the dominant thematic motifs of the novel, namely the exposure of vanity and hypocrisy in society and the recommendation of their antithetical virtues, charity and chastity, and the classical ideal of life.
-in Joseph Andrews in particular. For methods of planning, developing and unfolding his plots and presenting his characters, Fielding turned to the drama. He is particularly indebted to the comedy of manners, the light, gay, and burlesque Restoration Comedy
-In his preface to Joseph Andrews Fielding declares his satirical purpose. ‘The ridiculous only (...) falls within my province in the present work’, he says, proceeding to explain the term and how often it has been mistaken. ‘The only source of the true Ridiculous’, he goes on, ‘is affectation... Now, affectation proceeds from one of these two causes, vanity or hypocrisy.
-The comic romance, Fielding tells us in his Preface, differs from the serious one in that its fable and action are ridiculous, its characters are sometimes of inferior rank and manners and its sentiments and diction are ludicrous..
-Fielding himself, in the preface, explains that he has written “a comic epic poem in prose,” with a “light and ridiculous” fable instead of a “grave and solemn” one, ludicrous sentiments instead of sublime and characters of inferior instead of superior rank.
- -Until Joseph Andrews came out, that life had never been exhibited in England with so much sense of character, so clear an insight into motives, so keen an interest. What the book owes to Cervantes is its form, in which the loosely-knit plot follows the travels and adventures of Adams, Andrews and Fanny.